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Such an order may be granted where the parties are “having or [have] had a dating ․ relationship.” (§§ 6211, subd. (a).)The DVPA originally did not define “dating relationship.” In Oriola v. It is a social relationship between two individuals who have or have had a reciprocally amorous and increasingly exclusive interest in one another, and shared expectation of the growth of that mutual interest, that has endured for such a length of time and stimulated such frequent interactions that the relationship cannot be deemed to have been casual.” Based on this definition, the Oriola court determined that the plaintiff was not entitled to a DVPA restraining order because a dating relationship between the parties had not existed. All of the evidence shows there was an expectation of affection or desire to have affection ․ So although you guys may have called it ‘We are not dating’ or ‘We don't want to date,’ you certainly have all the attributes, it looks like, [of a dating relationship] under [section] 6210 of the Family Code.” When appellant protested that he had never actually gone on a date with respondent, the court replied: “What I have seen in these papers is that you guys had lots of communication, that you actually stayed at her residence․ So that's where I'm seeing there was something more to this than to say, ‘We never went on a date.’ ”The trial court drew reasonable inferences from the evidence in concluding that there was a dating relationship. Respondent declared that appellant had “approached [her], grabbed [her] arm, and turned [her] around to talk to him.” Respondent claimed that she has “a documented police report for this incident in Wisconsin.”Whether or not respondent is reasonably fearful that appellant will physically harm her, there is no DVPA requirement of a physical threat. The quoted language was eliminated by a 2015 amendment that became effective on January 1, 2016.

The legislature responded swiftly to Oriola's definition of “dating relationship.” In 2001 it passed Assembly Bill 362, enacting section 6210 which gave the phrase “dating relationship” a technical definition for purposes of the DVPA: “ ‘Dating relationship’ means frequent, intimate associations primarily characterized by the expectation of affection or sexual involvement independent of financial considerations.” (Stats. 110, § 1.) The Senate Judiciary Committee analysis of Assembly Bill 362 noted: “[T]he Oriola decision ‘resulted in the fact that anyone who was involved in a dating relationship short of “serious courtship” is excluded from the protections of California's excellent Domestic Violence Prevention Act.’ [¶] If enacted, this bill would nullify the definition crafted by the court in Oriola․” (Sen. “[A] finding based upon a reasonable inference ․ will not be set aside by an appellate court unless it appears that the inference was wholly irreconcilable with the evidence. Thus, there is no basis for appellant's claim at oral argument, “This isn't domestic violence.” Nor is there any basis for the claim in his opening brief, “The DVPA was created to protect people ․ who have legitimate fears of physical harm from a domestic partner.” “Violence,” as that word is commonly defined, is not a prerequisite for obtaining a restraining order under the DVPA. 2554.) The DVPA, however, defines “domestic violence” as “abuse.” (§ 6211.) “Abuse is not limited to the actual infliction of physical injury or assault.” (§ 6203, subd.

Rptr.3d 476.)Substantial evidence supports the trial court's express finding that a dating relationship existed because a reasonable trier of fact could find that the parties had “frequent, intimate associations primarily characterized by the expectation of affection․” (§ 6210.) Respondent declared: “We were friends for several months.

The dictionary definition of “violence” is “the exertion of any physical force so as to injure or abuse.” (Webster's 3d New Internat. (b).) For purposes of the DVPA, “abuse” means, inter alia, “[t]o engage in any behavior that has been or could be enjoined pursuant to Section 6320.” (§ 6203, subd. Rptr.3d 664.) “There was substantial evidence presented at trial to support the trial court's finding that [appellant] disturbed the peace of [respondent], an act of ‘abuse’ under the DVPA.” (Id., at p. Rptr.3d 664.)First Amendment The trial court ordered appellant to “not post photographs, videos, or information about [respondent] to any internet site” and to “remove the same from any internet site over which he has access or control.” Appellant argues that the order violated his “First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and expression.” He explains: “Appellant's pictures and postings are innocuous toward [respondent]․ None of appellant's postings or photos are derogatory, threatening, ․ or violate any other item covered under the First Amendment.”Appellant “did not raise [this] constitutional issue [ ] below and do[es] not explain why [it is] being raised for the first time on appeal. Rptr.2d 341.)Moreover, appellant forfeited the issue because he has failed to present meaningful legal and factual analysis, with supporting citations to pertinent authority and the record, on why his first amendment rights were violated. Unless otherwise stated, all statutory references are to the Family Code.2.

(a)(4).) Section 6320, subdivision (a) permits the court to enjoin a party from “harassing ․ or disturbing the peace of the other party․”“ ‘[T]he plain meaning of the phrase “disturbing the peace of the other party” in section 6320 may be properly understood as conduct that destroys the mental or emotional calm of the other party․ Therefore, the plain meaning of the phrase “disturbing the peace” in section 6320 may include, as abuse within the meaning of the DVPA, a former husband's alleged conduct in destroying the mental or emotional calm of his former wife․’ [Citation.]” (Burquet v. [¶] Points not raised in the trial court will not be considered on appeal. “Under well-established principles of appellate review, ‘[t]o demonstrate error, appellant must present meaningful legal analysis supported by citations to authority and citations to facts in the record that support the claim of error. Rptr.3d 898.)If the issue were properly before us, we would “reject [appellant's First Amendment] argument because [his] ability to continue to engage in activity that has been determined after a hearing to constitute abuse [under the DVPA] is not the type of ‘speech’ afforded constitutional protection.” (In re Marriage of Evilsizor & Sweeney (2015) 237 Cal. Rptr.3d 1.)Disposition The judgment (DVPA restraining order) is affirmed. Appellant also argues that respondent “lied on her [Form] DV–100 [entitled ‘Request for Domestic Violence Restraining Order’] and stated she resided in California․” Appellant asserts that respondent actually resided in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

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64 (Fibreboard).)James Eugene Campbell, Jr., appearing in propria persona, appeals from a DVPA restraining order prohibiting him from harassing or contacting respondent and compelling him to stay at least 500 yards away from her person, residence, and workplace. Rptr.3d 644.) “[T]he substantial evidence standard of review is generally considered the most difficult standard of review to meet․ In deciding whether to raise a substantial evidence claim on appeal, appellate counsel should keep in mind that the appellate court ‘accept[s] the evidence most favorable to the order as true and discard[s] the unfavorable evidence as not having sufficient verity to be accepted by the trier of fact.’ [Citation.]” (In re Michael G. During that time, we spent time together, dined out on occasion, and [appellant] stayed in my home for several days․” Respondent sent a message to appellant stating that he had a strong emotional “hold” on her.

I would ask that the court dismiss the case.” The court did not rule on the motion. At that time, the court said, “This case ․ is going to take a lot longer.” The court continued the hearing to February 26, 2015. On February 26, 2015, appellant again appeared in propria persona via the telephone. At the hearing on February 26, 2015, appellant told the court that he thought “[respondent] was falling in love with me.” Appellant acknowledged that he had said to her, “ ‘You really couldn't understand why someone [i.e., appellant] loved you for just you without sex.’ ” Although there is no evidence that the parties had sexual relations, appellant admitted that in December 2012 he had sent nude photographs of himself to respondent. Claim of Nonviolent Conduct In his opening brief appellant states: “A record involving an indication of ‘Domestic Violence’ is a serious charge and has irreparable repercussions to a person's reputation.

The statute does not provide that the petitioner must be personally present. 5–6.) In determining legislative intent, we may consider bill analyses prepared by the staff of legislative committees. Whether a dating relationship existed was a factual question to be decided by the trial court based upon all of the evidence. 64.) “[W]hen the evidence gives rise to conflicting reasonable inferences, one of which supports the finding of the trial court, the trial court's finding is conclusive on appeal. It should be a harassment civil suit․”Except for an incident in Wisconsin, the record contains no evidence of appellant's use or threatened use of physical force against respondent. The same definition of “dating relationship” appears in Penal Code section 243, subdivision (f)(10).

Dating Relationship Respondent sought a restraining order pursuant to the DVPA. Rptr.2d 822, the court concluded that “a ‘dating relationship’ refers to serious courtship. The trial court stated: “[A]lthough in one portion [of the email respondent] says ․ something about, ‘We don't have a dating relationship,’ you do have a relationship by this evidence. The incident occurred in June 2013, when appellant was subject to the Tennessee protective order. Section 243, subdivision (e)(1) applies to a battery committed against “a person with whom the defendant currently has, or has previously had, a dating ․ relationship.” YEGAN, J.

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Along with her contributions with the band, Lee has also participated on other musical projects including Walt Disney Records' Nightmare Revisited and Muppets: The Green Album.