1800 1960 color dating fabric guide c5 3 consolidating an unprofitable subsidiary
Late 16th-present Calamanco – a thin fabric of worsted wool yarn which could come in a number of weaves: plain, satin, damasked, and was even brocaded in floral, striped and checked designs. Calendering – the process of pressing fabric with hot rollers to give it a shiny, Calico – The name comes from Calicut, the European name for the Indian city of Kozhikode.The surface was glazed or calendered (pressed through hot rollers). In modern use it is a simple, cheap equal weft and warp plain weave fabric in white, cream or unbleached cotton (UK, NZ, AU) or a plain tabby-weave cotton fabric with a small, all-over floral print (North America). Caracul lamb – an alternative spelling for karakul: the glossy, tightly curled fleece of the fetal or newborn karakul lamb. Carding – the process of brushing the wool for woolen fabric in two directions before weaving. Chesterfield coat – an overcoat with simple vertical seams, no side-back piece, and a velvet collar, usually in grey with black.Ciré – Cloche – a tight fitting hat which comes low over the forehead and at the nape of the neck. See also buttonhole and boutonniéres Corselet – a garment with waist-emphasising midriff section.Used almost interchangeably with ‘swiss waist’ or ‘swiss belt’ to describe a fitted, shaped belt or sash at the end of the 19th century, and in the 20th century described pointed waistbands or midriffs. See also swiss waist, underbust corset, swiss belt, and waist cincher. Damask: Patterned fabrics with a ground of one weave (usually plain, twill or sateen) and designs in other weaves (particularly satin and twill variants), so that the patterned areas have sheen and reflect light, Damasks are always reversible, with the pattern weaves becoming the ground weaves on the reverse (so on a fabric with a plain ground and satin pattern front, the ground would be satin and the pattern plain on the reverse).Originally menswear, by the early 19th century they were popular for women, particularly as motoring coats.Mid-19th century – present Balmoral petticoat – a coloured petticoat, frequently decorated with stripes and sometimes with a built in hoops or crinoline, that was intended to show at the hem of a drawn-up skirt for walking and sportswear in the 1860s and 1870s.
Chinchillas are now endangered, and hunting them is illegal. Colonial shoe – an 18th century inspired heeled shoe with a tongued vamp and an ornamental metal buckle on the front of the shoe. 1860s-1930s Corsage – The bodice of a garment, usually, but not exclusively, tight fitting, and usually, but not exclusively, applied to women’s bodices.
Introduced to European fashion in the 17th century, and particularly popular from 1860-1910. Chine & Chiné a la branche – fabric woven from yarns which have been pre-printed with the intended pattern, producing a characteristic soft, blurred pattern once the yarns are woven into a cloth. Chintz – The name comes from the Hindi “chint or “chitta” meaning “spotted”, referring to the speckled backgrounds on 17th and 18th century Indian equal weft and warp plain tabby weave cotton fabric block-printed in multicoloured floral designs. The modern term corsage for a small cluster of flowers is taken from this, as a shortening of ‘corsage bouquet’ (a bouquet to be worn on a corsage).
Chiné a la branche is the 18th century term, and almost exclusively referred to a silk fabric. The term now usually refers to floral designs, rather than to the fabric itself. Cloque – a fabric similar to matelasse, in aesthetic, in that it imitate quilting, looking like a fine brocade with three dimensional padded areas, but with a slightly different weave. See also Marseille’s cloth, pique de Marseilles, woven quilting and marcella. 1800s-1940s, with corsage being used equally for bodice and flowers from the 1890s onward.
Early 18th century – 1940s Bodice – Originally a boned, stiffed garment for the upper body, without sleeves (1530 -1700), then a boned, stiffened garment for the upper body with sleeves (to differentiate it from stays) (1660-1810), finally either the upper part of a dress, or a separate bodice worn with a matching skirt to give the effect of a continuous dress (1820-1900). Bodkin, also known as a lacing or threading needle (and occasionally a ballpoint needle), is a large needle with a very large eye, and a very blunt end, used for lacing corsets, threading ribbon through lace beading, and cord through casings.
Used from at least the 14th century to the present.
the glossy, tightly curled fleece of the fetal or newborn karakul lamb.